The impact of the discovery of X-Rays is obvious, and was immediate. Suddenly there was given to man an instrument which did without effort what the genius of Leonardo and Vesalius had labored to do—which saw, literally, the skull beneath the skin and the bone within the flesh. The discovery interested everyone, and it changed the taste of a generation. From that moment, the upholstered forms of Victorian furniture and Victorian women were on their way out, and the stark and spiky fashions of the twentieth century began.
Jacob Bronowski, “The Discovery of Form,” in Gyory Kepes’, Structure in Art and Science, 1965, 58-9