In the mid-nineteenth century, photography was taken up by scientists and in medical institutions to provide a visual record of experiments, to document disease, and to register scientific data. In modernity, the idea of seeing farther, better, and beyond the human eye had tremendous currency; photograph as the quintessential modern medium aided in this quest.

 

Marita Sturken and Lisa Cartwright, “Scientific Looking, Looking at Science,” in Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture, Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 280-81